Molfix Contents Advisor:
Dr. Berna Elkabes, Pediatrics Specialist
Your baby is now one year old. Both of you are now much more experienced. However, you will also be faced with many new experiences. Witnessing your baby develop new skills from one month to the other and show changes week after week as he/she grows up will amaze you on one hand and add to your happiness on the other.
Only a few months ago he/she was having difficulty turning from one side of his/her crib to the other, but now he/she is ready to discover the world on his/her two feet. Although some babies may learn to walk when they are only 8 months old, others could wait until their 17th month to start walking. Most babies start toddling when they are 13 months old.
Your baby could stand on his/her own when he/she was 14 months old and can now go up and down the stairs with your help at 16 months and could become an expert walker when he/she is 18 months old. In learning to walk, instead of using a baby walker for your baby, (which, in recent years, doctors do not recommend) you can hold your baby’s hands to provide support and encourage him/her to take independent steps towards you as you open up your arms to him/her.
When your child turns one-and-a-half, he/she will be able to dance to music in a rhythm that is unique to babies. After turning 19 months, your baby’s walking will speed up and he/she will like to hold something in his/her hand as he/she marches on. Another new skill that your baby will acquire as he/she approaches his/her second birthday is the ability to jump up on the spot, though not too high.
Do not put your baby’s shoes on unless you are going out. Leave your baby free to go about in his/her socks or bare feet in the house. You will notice this helps your baby with balance and coordination.
Each baby, including yours, has their own pace of development. Thus, their development may easily display a different pattern. You can consult a paediatrician if you have any concerns regarding the development of your child.
I understand you mom….
By the time they are one, babies will have uttered their first words and also learned 1-5 new words. However, this doesn’t necessarily mean that all they understand is those five words. Children start understanding their mother tongue long before they are able to speak it. At age one, babies can understand approximately 70 words.
By their 14th month they start to change their tone of voice, add inflections and use gestures when they speak. When you ask your 16-month-old baby questions, you will notice him/her nodding or shaking his/her head.
When your baby is one-and-a-half, he/she will be well on his/her way to speaking with a vocabulary consisting of 5-20 words. In this period, your baby may start to make 2-word simple sentences until he/she turns 2. You may observe him/her understanding and performing two-level instructions. To test this out, you can leave a toy your baby likes in a corner in the room and tell her to “pick up the toy and bring it to you”.
You can help your baby develop her communication skills by talking and reading books to him/her. You can play games with your baby as well as offer new toys to facilitate the process of acquiring new skills and as such contribute to his/ her mental and physical development. To support the development of her speech, ask her to say the name of the thing she wants when she points to it. Repeat the names of body parts as well as the objects frequently seen around the house to help her learn these names.
I am changing, growing up and learning new things…
13-18 month old babies who learn to speak also start to develop their social skills. In this period, babies still continue to play side by side with other children instead of playing with them, at this point their separation anxiety peaks. Between 19-24 months of age some friendly babies can turn timid and act shy towards strangers. Although babies in this age group may attempt to socialise with other kids, they are still not yet good at sharing.
When your baby turns one-and-a-half he/she will start understanding simple concepts of space and dimension. At this point your baby can finish jigsaw puzzles designed for his/her age and also understand the differences between geometric shapes like circles and squares and fit the shapes into the correct space.
During this time you can fill in the time you spend with your baby with love and attention. Create an environment of love and safety in your house. If you want to bring up a happy and self-confident child, show him/her your love and fondness at all times. Instead of criticising his/her negative attitude, praise his/her positive behavior. Behave the way you want your child to behave. If you want him/her to be more open to sharing make sure that he/she observes you sharing things with others. Let him/her hear you speaking favourably of your friends and using words like “please” and “thank you”.
Infants in this age group are usually very eager to do everything by themselves. You may witness your baby, who up until very recently was only able to utter monosyllabic words, rebelling against you and saying he/she wants to do it when it is time to change clothes, eat food and even take a bath.
Your baby needs outdoor activities as much as the time spent at home playing games. Take him/her out to the park, playground for a walk or to make new discoveries.
Do not forget …
Each baby grows at his/her or her own pace. Remember that your baby is a small individual separate from you. Support him/her in his/her journey to growing up in the way he/she chooses to do so. Babies who grow up happily, have happy futures.
Content provided by: ZNN Network www.znnnetwork.com
Customer care line: +234 809 991 0970
Toll Free line: 0800-CALLHAYAT